Civil offenses


Civil crimes are all those illegal acts carried out by man, involving their civil responsibility, civil and criminal offenses are contrasted. In a strict sense, the fact that derives from a premeditated action and that implies the civil responsibility of him, for an impediment to a quasi-delict or culpable crime, which derives from an unintentional fault. Civil offenses are protected by the Civil Code, which regulates relations between individuals, that is, rules in private matters, and is predestined to financially compensate the damage caused to the victim.

It is a class of civil wrongful acts, therefore in this sense civil crimes, which are carried out with fraud or intentionally, are distinguished from the quasi-crimes that are committed with guilt. In the penal condition, both the illicit acts that are executed with intent, as well as those that are carried out with guilt, are crimes, although the latter take a predicted lower penalty.

The facts that are considered as a civil offense and civil wrongful offense, could also be a criminal offense if they are reflected and sanctioned by criminal law. A criminal offense is not, at the same time, a civil offense, if it has not caused damage; nor will it be a civil offense but, at the same time, a criminal offense, if the illicit behavior is not criminally represented.

Criminal offenses provide a part of the criminal act and, likewise, if they caused economic damage, you will be able to claim a separate civil action. But it can also be denounced when compensating the damages caused by illegal fraudulent acts that have broken municipal regulations.

Civil offenses are clearly differentiated from criminal offenses:

  • Civil crimes are unjustifiable actions of wanting to commit an infraction. That is, the harmful purpose; the criminal offense, on the other hand, reaches the point of being fraudulent or negligent.
  • The civil offense to comply must cause harm to others; in the criminal offense this collection is not necessary.
  • The sanctions incurred on one and the other, are compensatory for the civil offense, and restrictive for the criminal offense, in accordance with the purpose harassed by each regulation.