Cholesterol


Cholesterol is a type of natural lipid that exerts multiple functions at the body level, this type of macronutrient is obtained in greater quantity by hepatic synthesis, however it can be acquired exogenously, that is, it can be consumed thanks to certain foods.

Cholesterol in the body plays important roles, such as: participating in the formation or synthesis of bile juices, which are important for the digestion of ingested fats since they facilitate their absorption; Cholesterol can undergo a biotransformation when it is affected by UV rays, becoming vitamin D, being vital for the protection of the cutaneous tissue (skin) from corrosive chemical agents and avoiding its dehydration, this mentioned metabolite also serves as a basis for the formation of sexual hormones, for this reason women who are anorexic, bulimic or who consume strict low-cholesterol diets tend to suffer from problems in the menstrual cycle.

There are several types of cholesterol, those of clinical importance when doing a check-up on a patient, two types of them should be evaluated, which are: HDL, this is popularly known as the “good” cholesterol, it fulfills a process of redirecting the cholesterol, that is, it takes this lipid found in the blood that has no use and transports it to the liver so that it can be synthesized again in the liver; LDL known as “bad” cholesterol, it fulfills a completely different cycle, carries cholesterol from the liver and stores it in the tissues, specifically in adipose tissue.

By having high cholesterol levels in the bloodstream, the patient may be predisposed to have heart-type pathologies, such as acute myocardial infarction, which results in the blockage of a coronary artery, decreasing the oxygenation of the heart tissue, or atherosclerosis, which it is identified as a layer of cholesterol that is attached to the walls of the blood vessels, slowing the passage of blood, reaching the complete obstruction of the vessel; If this type of patient has control of their cholesterol levels in the bloodstream, maintaining it at the values ​​that are considered regular, they have the possibility that the lipids adhered to the blood vessels are released back into the blood so that they can be taken to the liver, and thus are finally eliminated in the form of bile when the digestion process occurs.