chinese revolution


The Chinese revolution manifests itself as the product of an extensive civil conflict undertaken in 1927 in China and which had as its participants the so-called nationalists (led by General Chiang Kai-shek) and the communists (led by Mao Zedong) and which had as its final, the triumph of the communist party, which, after the victory, founded the People’s Republic of China in the year 1949.

Before this revolution arose, the national party, which was then in power, tried by all means to create a nation that was strengthened, centralized, and above all, militarized. However, the requirements of the Treaty of Versailles, which accepted the power of Japan on the basis of China, and made it possible to find a way out by studying an agreement with the Soviet Union.

Precisely, on the opposition side and always channeled towards Soviet communism was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party Mao Zedong. This leader earned popular appreciation, since at that time there was a lot of discontent among the marginal class, which had to suffer from the social crisis in which they lived.

After the Opium War, China was forced to enter foreign trade. As is known, China was at that time a completely agrarian country and where most of its land was under the power of the private sector, which remained structured under a strict feudal regime.

During the Second World War, Japan took over China and the two internal forces (nationalists and communists) that were in conflict, decided to unite to combat the external danger. However, the nationalist army was more concerned with its internal struggle against communism than with trying to defeat Japan’s aspirations. Once this battle ended, internal discord continued but this time with great intensity, thus showing the power of the revolutionary forces.

At the end of all this internal conflict that China was experiencing at that time, the communist party led by Mao was victorious, this being the first triumph that a dependent and semi-colonial nation had. It can be said then that he won all that strategy elaborated by Mao and whose theory was based on the road from the countryside to the city, where the peasant had the main power and the proletariat was the presiding force. In other words, billions of peasants and workers, under the leadership of Mao, saw the dream of national and, above all, social liberation crystallize, announcing on October 1, 1949, the establishment of the People’s Republic of China.