Chilly pepper)

The chili or pepper is a hollow fruit that is produced from a herbaceous plant which has the same name. This belongs to the Solanaceae family, specifically to the genus Capsicum. The Solanaceae, for their part, are a family that includes approximately 75 genera and some 2,300 species of plants that produce toxic alkaloids, among which we can mention belladonna, mandrake and henbane. There are very few Solanaceae that can be consumed by humans and among them is the pepper, which is of great importance in the diet. In Mexico, it is undoubtedly the country where it is most used. This vegetable can be of various colors and shapes, and is widely used in gastronomy since it not only adds a touch of color and flavor to meals, but also has great health benefits.

The pepper plant was brought to Mexico during the expeditions carried out by the Spanish conquerors, according to the opinion of several experts, it agrees that they arrived on the trip that Christopher Columbus made to America in the year 1493. But despite this Native Americans already knew the plant and its fruit by the name of chili, but the Spanish and Portuguese renamed it with the name bell pepper and Brazil pepper.

For its part, in Spain it began to be cultivated in the 16th century, then these crops spread to Italy and France to finally be distributed throughout Europe and the world.

Today, the pepper plant is produced in several places in America, among which Mexico, Bolivia and Peru stand out. For their part, the varieties of pepper are classified into two large groups which are distinguished according to their flavor between sweet peppers and hot peppers.

First of all, there are the sweet peppers: these can be red, yellow or green, with very variable sizes and shapes. Making up this group are the bell pepper and the Italian candy, just to name a few of the most outstanding. In second place are the hot peppers, the most popular being the piquillo, Gernika and Padrón peppers.