Candidiasis


Candidiasis is a disease caused by the presence of a fungus called Candida, mainly by “Candida albicans”. This infection can appear in the oral area, in the vaginal or intestinal area. According to studies, it is estimated that around 75% of women at some time in their lives have suffered from candidiasis in the vaginal area.

The fungus known as Candida albicans is found naturally and in small quantities on the skin, in the mouth and in the vagina, without causing any infection or symptoms. The problem arises when this fungus begins to multiply in a quantity greater than normal, generating what is known as candidiasis.

There are several types of candidiasis:

Those that originate in the digestive system: esophageal (inflammation arises that makes it difficult to swallow, pain and burning sensation in the chest). Candidal gastritis (usually manifests in patients with gastric ulcer). Candidal anitis (causes irritation and itching in the anus area).

Candidal intertrigos: it is the one that commonly originates in areas such as the armpits, the groin, in the folds of the hands and feet.

Candidiasis in the reproductive system: vulvovaginitis candidiasis (it is caused by a variation in the vaginal pH, it causes itching and irritation in the vagina). Balanitis candidiasis (causes an infection in the glans area and in the foreskin of the penis, producing ulcers that cause itching.

People prone to candidiasis are those with a weak immune system, such as diabetics and those with AIDS, as well as people who take certain drugs such as antibiotics, immunosuppressants or corticosteroids. Pregnant women can also suffer from candidiasis.

Among the most frequent symptoms are: irritation, redness and itching, when it occurs in the vaginal area, the vaginal discharge can turn whitish and lumpy. To diagnose it, it is necessary to perform a urine culture or cytological examination (in the case of women).

The infection by candidiasis in the genitals, both in men and women, is often due to having sex without condoms. For not having good hygiene in that area. And in the case of the ladies, when taking immersion baths, since they remain with the wet swimsuit for a long time, which favors the increase of the fungus.

To treat this disease, specialists recommend the application of topical antifungals such as clotrimazole or ketoconazole.