This is a growth in the metatarsophalangeal joint that occurs when the bone or tissue in the metatarsophalangeal joint moves, forcing the toe to bend toward the other toes, creating a lump of bone, which can commonly cause joint pain. the affected foot. Because the big toe joint tends to bear much of the body’s weight when walking, bunions can be very painful if left untreated and untreated. Even reaching the point where the joint becomes stiff and irritated, making it impossible for the subject to wear shoes.

There are several causes that are held responsible for the appearance of bunions, some of them are:

  • Incorrect use of footwear, this occurs when the shoe causes pressure on the fingers, causing the movement of the fingers to be affected. The excessive use of heels can also influence the appearance of bunions for the same reason.
  • Defects in the mechanical structure of the foot due to hereditary factors. What generates that the person can not walk correctly and step to the appearance of bunions.
  • Another cause is what is called the Egyptian foot, when the big toe is longer than the other toes. Flat feet is another of the most frequent causes.
  • There are pathologies that usually deform the bones, such is the case of arthritis, which in many cases can end up causing the appearance of bunions.

The symptomatology in this pathology can include calluses in the internal region of the big toe, a bulge in the articular region of the finger, which can affect its movement, the pain in the joint can be quite strong and with the use of footwear can become unbearable, rotation of the finger towards the other fingers, often causing it to be placed on top of the second toe, causing the appearance of a callus where both toes meet. Specialists can usually diagnose the presence of bunions just by looking at the area, but x-rays can provide a more detailed perspective of the problem.