Navigator refers to the person specialized in the handling of ships or aircraft, also known as a navigator. In computing, the program (software) that allows access to different places on the Internet or other computer communications network and navigate from one to another using hyperlinks is known as a web browser. The web browser allows you to connect to network servers to access hypertext (HTML) documents and their associated files (web pages) and to follow document connections from page to page. The server can be on a private network (intranet) or on the Internet.

What is a browser

In principle, this term was used to refer to experts in maritime navigation, however, over the years and technological evolution, it began to be used to refer to web browsers and search engines, which are a tool that allows access to different documents. and web pages, making use of intranet or internet servers. Some examples of this would be Yandex browser or Tor browser.

From the etymological point of view, the word has its origin in the Latin navis, which in turn is related to the Greek naus, which refers to a ship.

Origin of internet browsers

The first Internet browser was Mosaic, created in 1993 by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois (United States). It was originally developed on UNIX, but was soon introduced on Windows.

Among the main features of this browser was the fact that it worked on a variety of operating systems, it allowed access to Internet servers via HTTP and for the time it had a fairly aesthetic graphic design.

In 1994, Netscape Navigator, a browser for Windows, Macintosh, and various UNIX variants, came out from Netscape Communications Corporation.

A year later, Microsoft introduced its Internet Explorer; it was an independent program, but starting with Windows 98 it was offered integrated into the operating system, which made it easier for it to become the most widely used browser. After Microsoft’s bet, Netscape made the decision to release the source code of its browser, creating Mozilla, which later gave way to Mozilla Firefox in 2004.

Currently, there are various browsers, some more popular than others, but which have made many people prefer them, instead of using Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox, these browsers are Opera launched in 1996, Safari (launched by Apple in 2003) and Google Chrome (released by Google in 2008).

Browser Features

Browser - Browser Features

As technology advances and evolves, browsers and search engines have been incorporating more and more functions and tools adapted to the present and designed to facilitate use, each time becoming programs with a simpler and more minimalist interface, but with truly innovative functionalities. .

Due to this, the most used browsers are increasingly launching updates with more tools and utilities with the intention of capturing the attention of the public and more today that they are not only used for leisure and fun, but also that teleworking is advancing and earning more. day-to-day field in all professional areas.

Web browser operation

The main functionality of these programs is to request from the different Internet servers the so-called web resources that the user requires, these can be presented in various types of files, including HTML, PDF, images, among others.

This procedure is carried out through what are known as CSS and HTML specifications and that allow the browser to display the files requested by the user.

Browser tools

The main tools that the best web browsers have are the following:

  1. Search history: through this tool the user is allowed to review at any time the history of pages that he has previously reviewed, ordered by date, it can range from the last days, to the last weeks and months depending on the configuration of the user, it can also be deleted at any time.
  2. Bookmarks/favorites: this option allows the user to save their favorite pages and have a direct link to them in an accessible area of ​​the browser, in the same way if it is associated with an email account, it allows access to the saved pages of easily from any device or browser you have previously logged in to.
  3. Tabs: this functionality allows you to have several websites or documents open in a single window and switch from one to another easily and quickly with just one click.
  4. Browsing incognito: it is used to access pages on any device without saving in the history, cookies, or other types of information or data that have been provided.

5 most used web browsers

Currently among the most used browsers due to their speed, ease of use, interface and functionality are the following:

Google Chrome

The well-known Google browser was released in its beta version in September 2008, while the official stable version was released in December of the same year. It is currently considered the most used with 42% in the industry, among the features that the Chrome browser presents are the following:

  • It is quite safe in terms of protection against malware and viruses.
  • It has a higher browsing speed than others.
  • You have the option to link to your Gmail account and be able to view history, bookmarks, and all preferences from any personal device.
  • The simplicity of design makes it simple and elegant to look at.
  • They present a very useful assistant or task manager.

On the other hand, among the advantages of using Chrome we have:

  1. Features browser-native PDF viewing and printing programs.
  2. The tabs work independently of each other.
  3. Facilitates the translation of websites.
  4. The tabs are flexible which allows them to be dragged and positioned and also allows them to be fixed.

As for the downsides:

  1. RAM consumption is significant.
  2. Accidentally closing the browser closes all tabs uniformly and without warning.
  3. It does not allow displaying the name of the pages when many tabs are in use.


Browser - Mozilla Firefox

Its appearance was in 2002 but under the name of Phoenix, in 2004 the launch was made with the current name. Among its main characteristics we can mention:

  • Available for both desktop, laptop and mobile.
  • Compatible with the most widely used operating systems worldwide.
  • It offers good security and data privacy.
  • Its interface is very pleasing to the eye and dynamic.

The advantages offered by the explorer are:

  1. It offers a wide variety of extensions.
  2. Data security is very high.
  3. Dynamism in password management.

The disadvantages would be:

  1. High resource usage on the device.
  2. Tendency to falls.

Microsoft Edge

It is the successor to the old and well-known Internet Explorer, launched together with the Windows update to version 10, but compatible with previous versions such as 8 and 7. The most outstanding features are:

  • It features the well-known “smart screen filter” that works as a protector against malicious programs and viruses.
  • Full HD resolution in video playback.
  • Compatible with all the most used systems worldwide.
  • Compatible with computers and mobile devices.

The advantages they present are the following:

  1. High protection against malicious software.
  2. Allows adding notes to web pages.
  3. Home page customization.

On the other hand, the disadvantages would be:

  1. It does not have variety in extensions.
  2. Data protection and security is poor.


Apple’s quintessential browser, factory integrated into devices that run on this operating system. Its most relevant characteristics are:

  • Available only for MacOS and iOS.
  • It does not record user data.

The advantages they present are:

  1. Excellent data protection.
  2. Very good performance.

The disadvantages that appear are:

  1. It is not compatible with other operating systems.
  2. Fewer extensions in relation to others.


It exists since 1996, its mobile version Opera mini is one of the most used in devices worldwide. Their characteristics are:

  • Available for various operating systems.
  • Automatically clear the cache.

Its advantages would be:

  1. It is extremely safe.
  2. It has a large number of extensions.


  1. It is not pre-installed on any device, it must be downloaded.

Comparison of the most used web browsers

Below is a comparison chart on Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Safari and Edge browsers.

Browser FAQ

What does the word browser mean?

It refers to people trained in the management and control of ships at the maritime level.

What is an internet browser?

From the technological point of view, it is a program that allows navigation through different websites through the Internet or the intranet.

What is a browser for?

It allows viewing and exploring the different pages and files that are offered through the internet.

How do browsers work?

Through what are known as CSS and HTML specifications and that allow the browser to display the files requested by the user.

What is the difference between a browser and a search engine?

Browsers are programs installed on devices that allow you to access and navigate the web, search engines are programs that find search matches and offer them, the latter work through browsers.