Bronchitis


Bronchitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the lining of the bronchi, which joins the trachea to the lungs. When the bronchi become inflamed. The air enters the lungs little and in the same way little goes out, which is why an incessant cough originates, which is accompanied by phlegm.

Bronchitis usually appears after a respiratory infection. It begins by affecting the nose and throat, and then spreads to the lungs. The people with the highest risk of suffering from bronchitis are children, babies, the elderly, smokers, people with heart disease.

Bronchitis can be acute when it is caused by a poorly cured flu, that is, its origin is viral. This type of bronchitis does not last long. For its part, chronic bronchitis can be caused by exposure to tobacco smoke or chemical agents that inflame the lungs and airways. It is said to be chronic when the cough manifests itself at least three months a year, for more than two years in a row.

Common symptoms of bronchitis include: cough with a lot of phlegm, chest pain, shortness of breath, fever, wheezing, hoarseness.

In order to diagnose bronchitis, the doctor proceeds to auscultate the patient using a stethoscope, with which he will be able to hear any abnormal noise in the breath. Other tests to be performed would be a chest x-ray.

Acute bronchitis usually disappears within a few days, however, if it is not treated properly it can turn into pneumonia. As for patients with chronic bronchitis, they must follow a very strict treatment, especially smokers, since if it becomes complicated, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) could develop.

The treatment to be followed to combat bronchitis will depend on the type, that is, for acute bronchitis, a lot of rest is recommended, the taking of cough medicines that are mucolytic and expectorant, and the use of antipyretics.

As for the treatment for chronic bronchitis, you must first find out what is causing it and try to eliminate it. Although in general, it is the result of inhaling tobacco smoke, so it is recommended to stop smoking immediately. If once this is done, the disease still continues, then the doctor recommends the use of bronchodilator drugs, mucolytics or antibiotics in case of a bacterial infection.

Similarly, there are many natural remedies that demonstrate great effectiveness in curing bronchitis, some of them are: eucalyptus (taken in infusion or in syrup), thyme infusion, plantain syrup, among others.