brain cancer

The cell is the smallest unit that makes up all living beings on the face of the earth; This, to maintain itself, goes through a process of division, whose purpose is to replace dying or old cells. Cancer is a disease that is characterized by attacking, mainly, these components of the body. It is a consequence of the unbalanced production of new cells, which will end up forming a solid tissue known as a tumor. Over time, this process can get completely out of control, causing these masses of tissue to grow exponentially.

Tumors can be cancerous or malignant; this means that they can spread to other parts of the body, going unnoticed by the immune system. This is known as “metastasis”, the migration of cells of a certain type of cancer to another part of the body, which is usually located very close to the area where the primary tumor is found. One of the most dangerous tumors, being both benign and malignant, is the brain. This, during its growth, affects the region in which it is located, which degenerates into psychological problems, which require special treatment.

Unlike other points in the body, it is very difficult to determine if a brain tumor is completely cancerous or not, since, in some cases, benign tissues spread as a malignant one would, from the clinical point of view. It should be noted that, in a large percentage of cases, the metastasis to the Central Nervous System comes from the lungs, the breasts, the kidney, the gastrointestinal system, as well as the skin.

The patient who may be developing a brain tumor may present typical symptoms of intracranial hypertension such as: headache, double vision, pain in the extremities, nausea and vomiting, as well as a marked change in behavior. However, to verify the existence of tumor tissue, it is necessary for the patient to undergo an MRI or Computerized Axial Tomography -which will help to visualize the presence of the tumor-, in addition to a biopsy, which is conducive to determining the type of tissue that you will be facing.