The term biotic is a word commonly used in the field of biology as it refers to everything related to living organisms, how they are characterized and how they interact with other organisms of the same species. It is also known as Biota, which refers to all living organisms: plants, animals and human beings that inhabit a specific area and that in turn are the ones that make up the biotic factors.

These organisms that constitute the biotic environment must survive and reproduce in an environment with other species, which is why they must have certain qualities and physical characteristics that allow them to compete for food, shelter, etc.

As we have said before, biotic factors are all living organisms that inhabit an ecosystem and are classified as follows: When organisms make their own food, they are called producers. When organisms are not able to make their own food, but eat it when it has been made, then they are called consumers. And finally we have those who feed on organic matter in a state of decomposition, these are called decomposers.

We have already studied their classification, now we have to analyze how they are divided, on the one hand we have the individuals, which are none other than all the organisms that inhabit the ecosystem, then the population follows, which refers to the same organisms but united in the same place, and finally we have the community, which is determined by the different interactions between the different populations.