Atorvastatin is a drug belonging to the group of statins, used to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood and to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Like all statins, this drug inhibits HMG-CoA reductase, an enzyme found in liver tissue and whose role is of vital importance in the production of cholesterol in the body.

Cholesterol is a substance found naturally in the body and is necessary for normal body development. However, its excess in the blood can be harmful, since when it accumulates in the walls of the blood vessels, it can obstruct them. This being one of the most frequent causes of heart disease. It is for this reason that doctors recommend treatment with atorvastatin, as it helps lower cholesterol levels.

Atorvastatin, unlike other statins, such as simvastatin and pravastatin, is synthetically compounded. It was first discovered in 1985 by the American chemist Bruce D. Roth.

Atorvastatin is available for sale as 10-, 20-, 40-, and 80-mg tablets to be taken orally. Its retail trade name is Lipitor. It is usually given once a day, with or without food, and is recommended at the same time each day. Its use must be under medical supervision.

Similarly, the patient medicated with atorvastatin should follow a low-fat and low-cholesterol diet, in addition to exercising by walking for at least 45 minutes every day, or playing sports; The important thing is to lead as healthy a life as possible.

The application of this drug can cause certain side effects, among which are:

Acidity, flatulence, diarrhea, joint pain and in the most severe cases the patient may present when ingesting atorvastatin; fever, nausea, dark-colored urine, trouble breathing or swallowing, unusual bleeding, rash, itching, extreme tiredness, swelling of the face, tongue, eyes, hands, feet, ankles. It is recommended that the person see their doctor immediately if they have any of these reactions when treated with this drug.