Arrhythmia is an alteration in heart rhythm, which is caused by a sudden change in the usual rhythm of the heart or also by unusual variations in frequency. It should be noted that a healthy heart rate is between sixty and one hundred beats per minute, there may be figures below these and even a little higher, resulting in heart problems.

In a normal state of an individual the heartbeat is not perceived, so its sudden acceleration should be evaluated by a specialist. There are arrhythmias such as ventricular ones that do not cause symptoms or are simply very mild and have a minimally invasive effect on the efficiency of the heart’s blood pumping, especially when they last a short time.

Some studies have shown that many healthy elderly people will suffer from short arrhythmias. Although, these arrhythmias that last just a few minutes or there are cases where they last for hours, can have very serious consequences for the health of those who suffer from it, such as reducing the amount of blood that the heart pumps to the rest of the body, causing other pathologies.

A normal heart works like a pump that carries blood to all the organs of the body and for this to happen it is necessary that the organ has a system that performs the proper functions of contracting the heart in an orderly manner.

This electrical impulse that signals the heart to contract begins in the sinoatrial node, also known as the sinus node, which performs the functions that the heart needs to work. This lowers in the following way, a signal is emitted that leaves the sinoatrial node and travels through the heart along a series of electrical routes, these being received by a complex nervous system that gives the command to beat more slow or faster the heart. So when you understand this process, you have that the arrhythmia causes problems in the electrical system of the heart, causing a problem for the patient.

Among the symptoms suffered by the person with cardiac arrhythmia are: Pain in the chest part of the body, fainting, dizziness, vertigo, paleness and difficulty breathing, without leaving behind extreme sweating.