Etymologically speaking, the word aphonia is made up of various words of Greek origin: in the first place “a” which could be translated as “sin” and “phonos” which means “sound”. The term itself refers to the loss of the ability to emit sounds that allows speech, or failing that, it could be said that it is the absence of voice.

This situation is considered a somewhat more serious matter than dysphonia, which refers to a qualitative or quantitative disorder of phonation whose causes are already organic. It should be mentioned that aphonia can present itself in different ways. An individual may partially lose their voice, such as mild hoarseness, or they may completely lose their voice, which is when the voice sounds similar to a whisper.

There are many and diverse causes that can lead a person to suffer from aphonia, however, there is a situation that is considered the most common and it is none other than the one that promotes the excess use of the voice, the excess in the consumption of tobacco and alcoholic beverages or, alternatively, having ingested beverages that were extremely cold. Likewise, a fairly common cause of aphonia is the rupture of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, which is responsible for directing a large part of the muscles that are located in the area of ​​the larynx. This structure can be damaged when a surgical intervention is performed, such as a thyroid operation, as well as by the presence of a tumor in that area.

A type of hoarseness that is also well known is the so-called functional hoarseness, which affects patients who present psychological difficulties. When the larynx of affected people is analyzed, it can be seen that the vocal cords of said people do not come together or maintain a certain distance when they try to speak. While they can do it without problems when it comes to coughing. To treat this condition requires psychological help and the advice of a speech therapist who is a speech specialist.