antisemitism


Anti-Semitism is a word from Greek roots, formed from the prefix “a” which refers to “no” or “without”, in addition to the root “baptizein” which means “to baptize” or “immerse” and the suffix “ism”. » which means «thought» or «doctrine». Anti-Semitism, in a general sense, is that belief, system or position of total rejection towards people who have Jewish ancestry, religion or nationality, that is, it is hostile behavior towards Jews just because they are Jews. But in addition, the term also refers to the political movement that opposes the social and economic predominance of the Jewish lineage, and that in certain cases also opposes coexistence with the same race.

Antisemitism can take the form of religious teachings that proclaim the inferiority of Jews, for example, or political efforts to isolate, oppress, or otherwise injure them. It may also include prejudiced or stereotypical views about Jews. This new conception of what anti-Semitism means emanates in the mid-nineteenth century as a footing of racism and nationalism, differentiated from the so-called “religious anti-Semitism”, prior to what is attributed as anti-Judaism, according to what certain historians say. and whose most used expression would be Christian anti-Judaism.

It was specifically in the year 1879, that the German journalist Wilhelm Marr originated the term antisemitism, denoting the hatred of the Jews, and also the hatred of various liberal, cosmopolitan and international political tendencies of the 18th and 19th centuries, often associated with the Jews.

Such hostility towards Jews dates back to ancient times, perhaps to the beginning of Jewish history. From the days of the Bible to the Roman Empire, Jews were repeatedly criticized and punished for their efforts to remain a separate social and religious group and their refusal to adopt the values ​​and way of life of non-Jewish societies. Jews in which they lived. The Holocaust, the state-sponsored persecution and murder of European Jews by Nazi Germany and its collaborators between the years of 1933 to 1945, is a clear example of extreme extremism in the history of anti-Semitism.