Anthropological Dualism


In the philosophical teachings of Plato, anthropologists dualism can be found, a concept that starts from the premise that the human being would be composed of the body, linked to the World of the Sensitive, and the soul, which has connections with the World of the ideas. With this and seeing the body as simply the origin of evil, which also displays ignorance, Plato declares that it acts as a kind of prison for the soul and that the latter is completely alien to the incarnation process it is going through. This, basically, can be reduced to the fact that the soul would be in opposition to the body, representing good, wisdom and ideas.

In the development of his concept, Plato explains how the soul is the divine part of being; what really makes you a human being. This has an immutable quality, that is, it is not modified, in any way, by the wanderings in which the body is found and it is immortal. The body, for its part, from birth is considered mutable, it is mortal; All evils (or that used to be considered as evils in classical times) are attributed to him, such as love affairs, ignorance, enmities and fights.

The soul, for its part, consists of at least three sections, called intellective soul or logistike, which is responsible for balancing and regulating the functions of the other sections, considering itself as the supreme and immortal (unlike the other two); the irascible soul or thynmoeides, is the one that is “carried in the heart”, and that is defined by virtues such as honor, courage and strength; finally, the concupiscible soul or epithymetike, is the one that is in charge of the functions and basic cycles of the organism, so that the being can subsist.