Anesthetic drugs are those whitish or transparent liquid substances that chemically produce the absence of sensitivity to pain in the human body, either total or partial, and their effect is temporary. Medical and supervised practice used on a patient before, during and after surgery, either with or without the compromise of consciousness.

Anesthesia is a sedative that helps the patient relax and fall asleep in the face of pain caused by an injury, illness or operation, it acts directly on the body’s nervous system, which runs through the spinal cord, brain, the spinal column extending through all the ramifications that reach each of the body’s organs, as only defined parts depending on the type of anesthesia that is administered.

The types of anesthesia are: Local anesthesia is an anesthetic that can be applied by injection, ointment, ointment or gel, aerosol or spray that only numbs a certain and specific area of ​​the patient’s body, such as example a hand, part of the thigh, a foot or the skin that has to be worked on in a minor surgery. The patient is in a state of alert, awake or, failing that, only with medium sedation, if the patient is nervous or restless and also if the procedure warrants it, it is short-lived, which is why it is widely used in outpatient treatments such as extractions. of teeth or wisdom teeth, keeping the area numb during and after to minimize discomfort.

Regional anesthesia is the anesthetic that is injected and numbs the nerves covering a large part of the patient’s body, such as cases of caesarean sections, where the patient is numb from the waist down, this is known as epidural, which It is administered to women in normal deliveries, making the patient more comfortable during the surgical procedure and after it, avoiding pain or pain that is of a lesser degree. In some procedures, this regional anesthesia is combined with general anesthesia.

The purpose of regional anesthesia is to leave the patient completely asleep and unconscious, maintaining this state before, during and shortly after surgery, with constant monitoring to avoid complications where the anesthetist continues to administer medications more easily and correctly, making that the patient does not remember or feel pain from the surgical intervention, it is administered intravenously, that is, they insert a needle into the vein mostly in the arm, or with the inhalation of gases or vapors through a mask or connected to a breathing tube inserted through the mouth and throat.