The acronym stands for “Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina” and is as close to Argentine Jews as it is to any other religious person who may be circumstantially in the country. In this sense, as often happens with many institutions of Hebrew origin, the AMIA welcomes the members of this community from very varied proposals of help and social accompaniment.

At the end of the 19th century, the international Jewish community began to promote a new political movement to return the people of Israel to their original territory. This movement is known as Zionism. In this context, an association was founded in Argentina, the AMIA.

Those who promoted the birth of AMIA were part of the Jews of Ashkenazi origin, a branch of Judaism with its own traditions and language, Yiddish.

One of the first actions that took place was the creation of a cemetery to bury the deceased Jews according to the religious precepts that mark the tradition of the Torah. In fact, the first name of the entity was “Chevrá Kedushá”, which in Hebrew means burial or honorable burial.

At the same time, the members of this association promoted all kinds of cultural and educational activities with the aim of consolidating their values ​​in Argentine society. Similarly, AMIA members promoted social programs to help the most disadvantaged Jewish community, especially immigrants from Eastern Europe.

In the summer of 1994 the centenary of its foundation was commemorated and on July 18 the headquarters of the AMIA. In this attack, which was caused by the explosion of a car bomb that was parked at the entrance of the institution, 85 people died, most of them Jews and other employees who were in the place working or passers-by passing through one of the most dynamic areas of the city of Buenos Aires.

For years, the judicial investigation of what happened was paralyzed, but in 2001 the case was reopened and finally the Argentine justice system blamed the Lebanese terrorist group Hezbollah as the main person responsible for the attack and the Iranian government was considered the promoter of the terrorist action. However, since then there has been no final trial and the attack on the AMIA headquarters has been involved in all kinds of controversies, debates and mysteries (the death in 2015 of the prosecutor who was going to present new evidence, problems with the extradition of some of the defendants, the accusation of impartiality to the first judge who took the case and a long list of anomalous situations).