Akkadians


The Akkadians were one of the most important archaic peoples who inhabited the region of ancient Mesopotamia. Various civilizations developed in the Fertile Crescent region that was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. That is why, in addition to the Akkadians, the Sumerian, Assyrian, Chaldean, Ammonite and Hittite peoples also inhabited this place.

Approximately 2550 BC is believed to have been the beginning of the Akkadian people, probably ranging from northern Syria. This town moved to this place in search of fertile land and received its name in honor of the most important city of the empire, known as Acad, which was the capital of the empire. Today the city of Iraq occupies the territory in which the ancient Akkad was located.

During the rule of King Sargon I, the Akkadians, a Semitic and semi-nomadic people, managed to dominate the Sumerians from Mesopotamia, through the conquest of their territory between 2550 BC and 2300 BC Later, the Akkadian king took care of unite the Sumerian city-states, thus giving rise to the First Mesopotamian Empire that spanned from the Persian Gulf to northern Mesopotamia.

The constant internal revolts and the various foreign invasions made the permanence of the Akkadian Empire practically impossible, which would end up dying out a couple of centuries later, disappearing definitively around 2100 BC. In this way, they were dominated by the Guti, an indigenous people of the Zagros mountains.

Their culture focused on the construction of cities, with imposing buildings, among which the temples and palaces stood out. From a general point of view, Akkadian art was inspired by the gods and animals. For its part, the writing of this people was cuneiform, managing to transcribe some literary works belonging to the Sumerian people.

As for Religion, like most of the civilizations that inhabited Mesopotamia, it was based on religion, that is, the worship of various gods. An interesting fact is that even after his death, the king was considered a god. That is why the Akkadians believed that the king was a representative of the gods on earth.