Aeschylus


Aeschylus was an important Greek author, who for many was the father of Greek tragedy. He ancestor of Euripides and Sophocles. He was born in the city of Eleusis (Attica). he belonged to an influential landowning family. As a young man, Aeschylus witnessed the development of Athenian democracy, for which he participated in the Persian wars, fighting against the Persians, in the wars of Salamis and Marathon.

Once he obtained his first triumph with his work “the works”, Aeschylus had to move to Sicily since he was requested by the court of Hiero. Subsequently, he returned some time later to settle permanently.

Aeschylus wrote almost ninety works, of which about seven are still preserved complete, the “orestiate” work is one of them. Aeschylus was one of those who founded the genre of Greek tragedy, giving it shape, starting from the choral lyric, including a second actor on stage, which made the dialogues of the choir become independent, apart from other novelties in terms of the theatrical technique and scenery is concerned.

Aeschylus showed through his work the important mythological periods lived in Greece throughout its history and through which he wanted to reflect human docility to a superior future, even beyond human will. Such a future represents a kind of eternal fatality, which dominates nature and against which all human action is useless.

The genre of tragedy meant an excellent summary of the cultural pressure that existed in Greece, due to classical religious ideas and new democratic and rationalist trends.