Acid rain

Acid rain is called a type of precipitation that occurs when moisture from the wind unites with sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, sulfur trioxide produced by industries, petroleum-derived vehicles, among others, since when these elements enter contact with water can form sulfurous acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, which are spread on the planet through precipitation, which is why it is called acid rain.

This type of precipitation occurs thanks to the high level of pollutants present in the atmosphere, it is known that volcanoes in eruption activity and the vegetal layer are Acid rain, however the main source of toxic elements, in the air is due to human action on the environment, mainly associated with industrial activity, since the use of fossil fuels such as oil and coal as a source of energy in power plants, automobiles, factories, boilers for heating etc. They release large amounts of nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere, these when in contact with water can react, giving rise to diluted solutions of sulfuric acid and nitric acid, after which they are scattered on the planet in the form of snow, hail and rain.

The effects that this can have on the environment are catastrophic, they can range from the acidification of large bodies of water (rivers, lakes, seas) to the death of plant life in jungles, forests, plains, etc., since these Rainfall washes away the natural nutrients that the soil possesses and therefore the plants cannot continue to develop or live, causing the death of such areas. In addition to this, the infrastructures created by the hand of man can be affected since the acids that acid rain possesses can undo structures made of limestone or marble.

With the growth of the population and the excessive use of polluting energy sources, acid rain has become a problem that surrounds society, which is why preventive measures have now been taken regarding the emission of polluting gases into the atmosphere. , such as reducing the levels of sulfur in fuels, promoting the use of natural gas as fuel, developing transportation that works with electricity, reducing the use of chemical substances in crops, among other things.