The word Abulia has its etymological origins from the classical Greek “αβουλία” which translates as “non-will”. For its part, in the field of neurology, this term is known as the lack of will or initiative and energy that a person possesses. This is classified as one of the disorders of decreased motivation. This disorder is located in the middle of the spectrum of disorders of decreased motivation, such as apathy, although it is not as extreme, and akinetic mutism, which is much more severe than abulia. A person who presents abulia will not have the ability to make decisions in a prudent manner. With regard to its severity, it can range from subtle to overwhelming.

This disorder leads to a lack of interest that can be reflected in the lack of activity and the lack of emotional responses. For its part, in current language, it could be said that abulia is the lack of desire to do things or the feeling of wanting but not being able to because of the feeling that strength is lacking. If an individual suffers from abulia, he usually experiences a deterioration of the will to act, which can take the form of a kind of indecision and a feeling of helplessness. The affected person generally feels apathetic and indifferent towards those issues that previously gave him satisfaction and pleasure.

Despite everything explained, these are not all the symptoms, the individual will also present absolute passivity, lacks any type of spontaneous movement or the fact that he has carried out a palpable reduction in the time during which he was dedicated to practicing some hobbies, their social relationships or simply spontaneity.

It is important to note that abulia is considered one of the most common disorders in terms of low motivation that people may have. If its intensity could be measured, it could be located in the middle of the path between apathy, which is the weakest lack of motivation, followed by abulia and the most serious state of demotivation that is known under the term of mutism. akinetic.