Abstractionism can be considered as the movement that results from impressionism. It is an artistic trend where shape and color play a very important role, expressing a sense of freedom in art and its creation itself. The modern authenticity of this trend appears together with the artist Vasily Kandinsky in 1910, at this time the main characteristic of this artist is that he does not break down the images as cubists, but prints his works in an impetuous sense of color.

On the other hand, it is called abstract art, the style that does not try to reproduce the forms of nature or other models, but focuses on the characteristics of the structure, colors and shapes of the work itself. This style is like a kind of opposition to photography and realism.

Within abstract art, it is possible to highlight Abstract Expressionism, a painting movement that originated in the 1940s in the United States. Among its main characteristics, its preference for oil (and not for canvas) and large formats stand out.

In art, abstraction emerged in the 20th century to start a new trend in which new forms are explored. Until then, works of art imitated nature with its landscapes, people and objects that inhabit it; it was believed that something more resembled the painting than reality, it was more perfect. Abstract painting is based on the elements of nature, but it is not applied with any standard; the artist manifests his inner world and art becomes absolutely subjective. One of the main characteristics of this period is that it conveys feelings, in the unlimited use of colors, like geometric figures, in short, art is liberated.

There are two types of abstraction:

  • Chromatic Lyrical Abstraction: It is the one that uses the expressive and symbolic function of colors and the rhythm produced by the relationship between them to express emotional processes through painting, whose maximum representative is Kandinsky. This form of abstraction is also called chromatic, with Kandinsky and Delaunay as the most outstanding representatives.
  • Geometric Abstraction: This, on the contrary, uses the simplification and mathematical rigor of shapes and colors in a strict rhythm and calculated order. Its main representatives are Malevich and Mondrian. A clear example is the work of Mondrian.