Abstinence syndrome


Withdrawal syndrome (AS) is called a set of physical reactions that occur when a person who is addicted to a substance stops consuming it, the most common addictions for which this syndrome occurs are alcoholism, drug addiction like cocaine and marijuana, also smokers and caffeine addicts can present the syndrome. This is not considered as a disease but as a condition that causes imbalance in the body.

There are different types of withdrawal syndrome, the most frequent being the acute type, which causes a lack of control in the body, both physical and psychological, it occurs almost immediately when the substance that causes addiction is stopped. , the symptoms can vary depending on the substance and the amount of it that is usually consumed on a regular basis, being frequent that the opposite symptoms to those produced by the psychoactive substance occur. It is also likely that this variable of withdrawal syndrome is accompanied by other types of AS that are not usually common, some of them are:

  • The psychological withdrawal syndrome: occurs when the addicted person finds himself in situations in which he usually used to consume the substance, this happens because over time some customs are associated with the consumption of said element, causing a stimulus in the person if they are in a similar situation, such is the case of people who usually drink coffee in the morning or smokers in specific situations.
  • Late withdrawal syndrome: this variable is usually related to changes in the nervous system that cause alterations in mental and physical health, its most outstanding characteristic is the constant interruption of people’s normal life, frequently causing the person relapses into his addiction.

The symptoms that occur most frequently and that are usually constant in most cases regardless of the addiction that occurs, are anxiety, not being able to sit still, stress and nervousness. Hallucinations, dehydration and migraine may also be present.