The term aboriginal comes from the Latin “ab origine” which means, those who live in a specific place from the beginning and before any colonization, whether animals, people or plants, the term is also used as a synonym for indigenous, American aborigines were improperly called Indians by Europeans at the time of the conquest, this was because the conquerors had the idea that they had arrived in India since that was their initial destination.

As mentioned, also the aboriginal term is a synonym widely used by the colonizers to catalog the indigenous, some of the most important aboriginal civilizations in terms of history, the Incas can also be mentioned, also called the Inca civilization, which was the last of the civilizations that remained independent during the conquest of America, it was located in the current territories of Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Argentina, Bolivia and Chile. The Mayans were also a Mesoamerican civilization considered of great importance for standing out in the glyphic writing, their art, architecture, their mathematical system and their economy that were quite relevant. Another of the most important aboriginal tribes were the Aztecs, who dominated the current territories of central and southern Mexico, in the fourteenth to sixteenth century they were famous for being highly organized, they were also considered barbarians for having a bloodthirsty attitude, that is why this that they were not seen in a good way by the other tribes.

Currently there are few aboriginal tribes that have survived the passage of time and modernization and among which we can mention the Vadoma tribe located in the north of Zimbabwe and their dialect is Shona. The Piranhas tribe, they live in the Amazon, their main characteristic is their dialect, considered quite simple and strange at the same time. Another tribe that remains today are the Yanomami, also located in the Amazon specifically between Venezuela and Brazil, they are characterized by forming extended families that live in shabonos (huts built with palm leaves and trunks) where between 20 and 200 people can live. depending on size. The Yanomami grow bananas, cassava, sugar cane, tobacco, cotton among others, they are considered nomads because from time to time they move to different lands, this is due to the short period of productivity of their crops.

Today the aborigines have great importance for the culture of each country, because thanks to their contribution in conjunction with scientists, important research has been carried out for science, botany, biology, etc. Unfortunately, at present, there are few government policies that protect and respect their habitat and culture, because of this, there are fewer and fewer indigenous ethnic groups that prevail in the world.